In   1961   a   group   of   experts   started   to   explore   the   caves   of   Nahal   Hever   in   the   barren   wilderness   of   the   Dead   Sea.   They risked   their   lives   descending   from   steel   cables   into   a   cavern,   80   meters   below.   What   they   found   was   so   horrible   that   they gave   this   cave   the   nickname   'Cave   of   Horror'.   The   explorers   discovered   40   skeletons   of   adults   and   children,   who   had   hidden themselves   in   this   place.   They   were   followers   of   the   Jewish   leader   Bar   Kochba.   During   their   stay   in   the   cave,   the   Romans were quartered on top of the rock. They were literally trapped and probably died of hunger and thirst. The   explorers   also   made   another   important   discovery   relating   to   the   Name   of   God   -   they   found   old   manuscripts   in   the caves.   Nine   fragments   must   have   been   part   of   an   old   scroll   of   leather,   containing   the   Bible   books   of   Hosea   through   Malachi. That   is   why   this   is   now   called   the   'Minor   Prophet   Scroll'.   The   text   is   written   in   Greek,   the   common   language   of   that   time,   and is   dated   50   B.C.   -   50   A.D.   So   it   includes   the   period   of   time   Jesus   lived   on   earth.   What   did   they   know   in   that   time   about   the name of God? Because   the   Septuagint,   commonly   used   in   Jesus'   time,   had   replaced   the   Tetragrammaton   with   Kurios   (which   means   'Lord'), the   presumption   was   that   the   first   Christians   did   not   use   the   Divine   Name.   But,   the   fragments   they   found   put   an   end   to   the theological   discussion   of   whether   Jesus   and   his   apostles   used   the   Divine   Name   or   not.   The   fragments,   written   in   Greek, contain   the   Divine   Name   in   an   ancient   Hebrew   script,   showing   that   the   Name   was   still   used   by   the   Jews   in   those   days. Verses like Mathew 6:9 and John 17:6 are proof that Jesus used and hallowed the Name of his father. What    you    see    shown    are    2    fragments    found    in    the    cave.    The    first    and    largest    fragment    contains    parts    of    Habakkuk (Habakkuk   2:15-20   and   3:9-14).   We   can   see   the   Tetragrammaton   written   twice,   in   another   font   –   paleo   Hebrew.   The second   fragment   contains   parts   of   Zechariah   (Zechariah   8:20   and   9:1,4).   Here   also   we   can   see   the   Tetragrammaton   twice,   in a first century Hebrew font.
Facsimile made by B. Bonte
Facsimile’s  gemaakt door B. Bonte –