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OXYRHYNCHUS 3522 1st century
Two   scientists   from   Oxford,   Bernard   P.   Grenfell   and   Arthur   S.   Hunt,   were   sent   to   explore   Egypt   towards   the   end   of   the   19th century.   A   place   called   Behnesa   sounded   promising   to   Grenfell   because   of   the   old   Greek   name   that   it   bore   -   Oxyrhynchus. This   city   was   the   centre   of   Egyptian   Christianity   in   the   4th   and   5th   centuries.   The   explorers   were   hoping   to   find   Christian literature,   but   their   exploration   of   churchyards   and   ruined   houses   yielded   nothing.   Only   the   mountains   of   waste   remained to   be   examined   and   some   of   them   where   nine   meters   high!   Despite   little   hope,   they   tried.   In   January   1897   they   did   some exploratory   drilling   and   within   the   hour   they   found   old   papyrus   material.   In   just   over   3   months,   they   had   found   almost   2   tons of papyri and in the years to come - they found much more. Most   documents   were   written   by   what   would   be   considered   the   common   people.   This   proves   that   the   Koine-Greek,   the common   language,   was   used   by   ordinary   men   on   the   street.   They   also   found   fragments   of   Bible   manuscripts   without   much decoration and of very poor quality - the Bible of the common man.
Facsimile made by B. Bonte
Facsimile’s  gemaakt door B. Bonte –
This   fragment,   Oxyrhynchus   3522,   is   dated   from   the   first   century   A.D.   The   measures   are   7   cm   by   10,5   cm.   The   text   is   a portion   from   Job   42:11,12.   It   is   interesting   to   note   the   use   of   the   Divine   Name.   A   long   time   held   common   opinion   was   that the name was not written in the Greek Septuagint, but fragments like this prove the opposite.